Education for the Transition, Part I

Education for the Transition

International Cooperation in Social Science Higher Education in Central and Eastern Europe. A Conference Report

A conference in mid-January 1997 brought together international funders and Central and East European government officials, university rectors, and higher education experts to set an agenda for future international cooperation in social science higher education. This agenda grew out of the findings of the needs assessment study contained in Part II of Education for the Transition. (Executive Summary, fragment) Болей »


Gromadzki Grzegorz, Konończuk Wojciech, Energetyczna gra

Energetyczna gra

Ukraina, Mołdawia i Białoruśmiędzy Unią a Rosją

Gromadzki Grzegorz, Konończuk Wojciech

Przyszłość Ukrainy, Mołdawii i Białorusi – państw leżących między Unią Europejską a Rosją – zależy w dużej mierze od tego, jak rozwiążą one problemy związane z energetyką. Sytuacja tych państw jest szczególna, gdyż z jednej strony są głównymi krajami tranzytowymi dla rosyjskich surowców energetycznych – gazu i ropy – które trafiają na rynek unijny, z drugiej zaś strony w ogromnym stopniu zależą od dostaw gazu i ropy z Rosji, co ma klucz... Болей »


Energy Security in Central and Eastern Europe

Energy Security in Central and Eastern Europe

Energy security is arguably one of the most widely discussed topics in today’s world in general and in Europe in particular. In fact, the European Union faces a mounting challenge as it has to cope with a growing dependency on Russian gas. Excessive dependency has always been a problem entailing a wide range of security risks. Indeed, these risks can take on many forms such as political pressure applied by a supplier, internal political... Болей »


Estonia

Estonia

Free & Independent

Estonia emerges. It emerges swiftly as a country moving into Europe and fitting Europe into its own practices and thinking. The most visible effect is its rapid democratization and marketization, compared to other former Eastern Bloc countries. The underlying reason is that Estonia always was part of Europe in its Western sense. It used the Latin rather than the Cyrillic alphabet and was Catholic, then Protestant rather than Greek Ortho... Болей »


Torma August, Raud Villibald, Estonia: 1918-1952

Estonia: 1918-1952

The Free Course od Central-Eastern European Studies. Monographs of Individual Countries

Torma August, Raud Villibald

The Estonians belong to the Finno-Ugrian family of nations. For more than two thousand years they have been living on the shores of the Baltic, in the territory inhabited by them at present. Agriculture, trade and seafaring became their main occupations and in the early centuries of our era they seem to have attained a prominent position in the Eastern Baltic. Important trade routes passed through their country along which came traders ... Болей »


Europa Wschodnia, Azja Północna i Środkowa, Zakaukazie

Europa Wschodnia, Azja Północna i Środkowa, Z...

Tom zawiera ponad 8000 haseł ułożonych alfabetycznie, poprzedzonych artykułami wstępnymi omawiającymi środowisko geograficzne, historię, ludność i gospodarkę regionu jako całości. Część hasłowa uwzględnia poszczególne obiekty geograficzne, w tym jednostki podziałów fizycznogeograficznych, administracyjnych i gospodarczych. Przy doborze haseł kierowano się, poza wielkością obiektów, także ich znaczeniem historycznym oraz walorami turysty... Болей »


Czekman Walery, Smułkowa Elżbieta, Fonetyka i fonologia języka białoruskiego z elementami fonetyki i fonologii ogólnej

Fonetyka i fonologia języka białoruskiego z e...

Czekman Walery, Smułkowa Elżbieta

U podstaw niniejszej "Fonetyki i fonologii języka białoruskiego z elementami fonetyki i fonologii ogólnej" leżało poczucie pilnej potrzeby połączenia rezultatów badań specjalistycznych nad fonetyką i fonologią języka białoruskiego z dostępną dla studentów formą wykładu uniwersyteckiego, umożliwiającą opanowanie przedmiotu na poziomie współczesnej nauki. Wydawane dotychczas w BSRR podręczniki danych tych bądź nie mogły jeszcze wykorzysty... Болей »


Freedom in the World

Freedom in the World

The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties 1999-2002

Freedom in the World is an institutional effort by Freedom House to monitor the progress and decline of political rights and civil liberties in 192 nations and 60 related and disputed territories. These year-end reviews of freedom began in 1955, when they were called the Balance Sheet of Freedom and, still later, the Annual Survey of the Progress of Freedom. This program was expanded in the early 1970s, and has appeared in a more develo... Болей »


Freedom in the World

Freedom in the World

The Annual Survey of Political Rights & Civil Liberties 2003

Freedom in the World is an institutional effort by Freedom House to monitor the progress and decline of political rights and civil liberties in 192 nations and 18 related and disputed territories. These year-end reviews of freedom began in 1955, when they were called the Balance Sheet of Freedom and, later, the Annual Survey of the Progress of Freedom. This program was expanded in the early 1970s, and has appeared in a more developed co... Болей »


Freedom in the World

Freedom in the World

Freedom in the World is an institutional effort by Freedom House to monitor the progress and decline of political rights and civil liberties in 192 nations and 17 related and disputed territories. These year-end reviews of freedom began in 1955, when they were called the Balance Sheet of Freedom and, still later, the Annual Survey of the Progress of Freedom. This program was expanded in the early 1970s, and has appeared in a more develo... Болей »


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